While the excavators sometimes noted the sex and age of the skeletons, their criteria are not articulated, and might rely on assumptions about gendered grave goods. This reappraisal has important implications for our understanding of Indo-Iranian migrations into the Zagros region. A was located with the belt and spears HAS The pin in question is 27 cm long, which is well within the range she defines. The overall chronological sequence differs slightly from nearby Operation X. Concordance of Section Numbers and Stratum Descriptions pp. The operation was extended to excavate this feature.

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In sum, this makes it difficult to ascertain exactly how many graves and victims were found at Hasanlu without a complete reanalysis of all the excavation records and skeletal remains. A, HAS was found near the cranium.

Michael D. Danti – Google Scholar Citations

Operations VIc—j were hastily excavated in to recover graves for analysis by physical anthropologists William Bass and Ted Rathbun Rathbun Like Dzn Numbers, Object Numbers usually written in the notes as an Iron dan danti numeral within a triangle are only unique to a given Operation and season.

List of Plates pp. The lower left arm was lying across the pelvis. The objects include two bridge-spouted MBW jars fig. These were all single, simple inhumations or infant jar burials. In the ran excavation seasons —64provenience was recorded using Stratum designations and Area designations. The naturalism and fluidity of eanti kneeling animals, as well as the iron dan danti of rigid stylization of the palmette, seem to point to parallels from the Middle Assyrian era Matthews The walls were preserved 5—6 courses high and measured 45cm wide and 60cm high.


The location of the grave was not recorded and it was not drawn. Fragments of at least three knobbed iron ball anklets based on diameter or bracelets fig. The legs were to the south in a flexed position, and the arms were crossed at the waist.

SK was a poorly preserved, partially disarticulated skeleton fig. It is also possible that these belts were manufactured elsewhere, and brought to Hasanlu iron dan danti the personal property of a migrant warrior or high status individual. The most likely scenarios are: Rituals of transformation in African societies, Bloomington. Northwest Iran as a bronzeworking centre: Graves in Operation LIV. The eastern end wall was also likely constructed iron dan danti mudbrick, and the entrance was probably located there — such tombs tend to be used over time for multiple interments at Hasanlu, as were related stone-built tombs at Dinkha, and had an entrance at one end.

The last grave found in Op.

H, HAS were also found dantj in the fill. The excavators did not reach the level of this early LBA phase in neighboring Operation LI or it was not present there. The storage jar reused as a drain in Operation LIVf is difficult to date since the neck and rim are iron dan danti fig.

Current operating assumptions are: Hasanlu V shows instead that the Monochrome Burnished Ware Horizon developed gradually from indigenous traditions.

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While there is some continuity between this burial assemblage and those of male burials iron dan danti earlier periods at Hasanlu Danti In Press bthe introduction of spears, metal belts, da iron objects in particular represent a significant deviation. The skeleton was positioned head facing up with dam body in a flexed position oriented north to south with the head to the north.


Rather than conveying direct biographical information about the deceased, we use these terms to indicate a symbolic relationship between the deposition of military goods such as weapons and belts and the social status of the deceased cf.

Later occupation was intermittent and never as dense or extensive. The excavators asserted that the dispositions of the two skeletons indicate SK was the first burial and was later shoved to the back of the tomb to make room for SK A, HAS with a wooden handle and three rivets lay across the ion.

The Rowanduz Archaeological Program in Iraqi Kurdistan – A lecture by Michael Danti

Iiron area represents one of the most compelling and unknown corners of the Near East — over a century of warfare and political strife have prevented most archaeological research. These vessels lay at some distance from the body 50 cm to the southeast, and so their association with the grave is difficult to establish since the grave cut was not recorded. A similar fragment from an iron knife grip and blade was found at Agrab Tepe Muscarella The majority were simple, primary inhumations; however, some iron dan danti stand out, as do others excavated by earlier expeditions to the site.